Pas encore un Global Citizen? Together with his younger brother Enrique and mother Esperanza, Garfias was a sex trafficker. For nearly eight years, the trio inflicted terror over young women and girls - who the brothers referred to as "merchandise". If the girls, some as young as 16, did not earn their daily quota or disobeyed rules, they faced Panchito. I'd hit them with it," said Mario Garfias, who headed the sex trafficking ring. But I'd hit them across the back, legs and buttocks," said Garfias, who like his brother and mother, spent nearly 12 years in prison for his crimes.
Mexican school teaches students to shun sex trafficking tradition
How One Mexican Family Became Sex Traffickers
Mexico City lawmakers have given the green light to decriminalise sex work in the capital, hoping it will be the first step to a crackdown on sex trafficking that traps thousands of Mexican women and children. Lawmakers in Mexico City's Congress on Friday voted , with eight abstentions, in favour of a bill to remove a line in the Civic Culture Law which said prostitutes and their clients can be fined or arrested if neighbours complained. Temistocles Villanueva, a local representative with the ruling centre-left Morena party, said the new law recognised that people had the right to engage in sex work. Sex work is allowed in much of Mexico but states have different and sometimes unclear rules, meaning workers frequently operate in legal vacuums which can leave them vulnerable to exploitation and trafficking by crime gangs. Mexico is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to sex trafficking and forced labour, with Mexican women and children the most at risk from sex trafficking, according to the US State Department. Mexico is listed as a Tier 2 nation in the US's Trafficking in Persons Report, meaning it does not meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but it is making significant efforts to do so. The report said observers had made links between women's disappearances and murders and trafficking by organised criminal groups.
Thousands of Women from Mexico are Forced to Sell Sex in the U.S. We Need to End It.
But this only scratches the surface. Thousands of women and girls from Mexico are forced into an underground sex economy in both Mexico and the United States. Traffickers can be powerful criminal networks or individuals, like employers, romantic partners, or coyotes. Some victims may be trafficked by their own families.
Boyce led the development of the analysis, article, and revisions. Brouwer was the principal investigator of the parent study in which this study was nested and thus oversaw the study design and implementation of all data collection and cleaning. Triplett conducted the analysis and contributed to the development of the article. Servin collected data and contributed to the analysis, interpretation of results, and development of the article. Magis-Rodriguez contributed to study design and study implementation in Mexico, and reviewed drafts of the article.